Everything you need to know about blood sugar levels and how to prevent diabetes! – Dr. Ksenija Bogoeva Kostovska

What blood sugar levels are normal?

Normal blood sugar or glycemic values ​​range from 4.5 to 5.6 mmol / l on an empty stomach from capillary blood and at two hours after a meal 7.8 mmol / l at most 8.0 mmol / l. Higher values, especially if repeated over several measurements, are usually a sign of diabetes. Elevated values ​​lead to changes in blood vessels.


Self-control is the readiness, desire, and knowledge to determine glycemia yourself at any time, as well as to control the value of sugar in the urine, acetone, and microalbuminuria. Determination of glycemia is done with the help of tapes and a device for home use.

When should you do self-control?

Whenever you can and as often as possible. In the morning on an empty stomach, two hours after lunch and before bedtime. These rules only apply to patients who are only on a diet or on pills. People on insulin need to control their blood sugar more often, especially if they are on the so-called intensive insulin therapy by taking insulin before each meal. A minimum of eight measurements per day is recommended for pregnant women with diabetes. Today it is considered the most important that glycemia should not be good only on an empty stomach, but also after a meal, thus preventing complications of blood vessels. The best values ​​are below 8mmol / l two hours after the main meal.

Proper food composition:

Food should have a proper distribution of constituents, ie carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Foods for diabetics should be represented by
Carbohydrates 50-60%
Fat 30-35%
Proteins 10-15%
Cooking salt 3-6g. daily
White sugar 25-30g per day
Brown or yellow sugar has fewer carbohydrates than white.
In addition to a balanced diet to maintain normal body weight and regular glycemia, physical activity of any kind is necessary for at least 150 minutes per week.


Any kind of physical activity leads to better utilization of blood sugar through improved sensitivity of cells to it.
Weight loss due to energy expenditure
Improving fat levels, as well as reduced risk of diseases of the cardiovascular system
Improving the effect of drugs
Better quality of life and better mood
In addition to the importance of practicing physical activity, a particularly interesting fact that you may not have known is that physical work. cleaning the house, cleaning, etc., are the most convenient and effective physical activities recommended for diabetics.
Finally, your life with diabetes can be quite pleasant and normal if you follow the guidelines for good regulation and are committed to your condition.

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